Agriculture and Forestry

Most of the world’s volcanic eruptions occur around the Pacific rim -  a horseshoe shape of nearly continuous series of volcanic arcs. Here over 75% of the world’s volcanoes occur hence the name ‘The Ring of Fire’ or as it is technically referred to the circum-Pacific seismic belt.  It is around the Pacific Rim, often on the slopes of volcanoes where important conifer habitats occur.  Frequently these contain small populations of narrow endemics. Although active volcanoes contribute to a very small percentage of the total forest habitat loss, it can be significant if the volcano is in a protected area (as is often the case) and this sanctuary represents a significant part of the distribution of a conifer species. When humans put pressure on species and ecosystems, the effects of natural events such as volcanoes can be more detrimental than they would otherwise be and should be considered real threats in some situations.

Taxa in the category - Agriculture and Forestry:

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Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu

Endemic to eastern China in Zhejiang Province where only a handful of mature individuals survive Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. pinsapo

One of two varieties of the Spanish fir restricted to three areas of southern Spain where in the last 45 years large areas of  forest have been lost mainly as a result of fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies ziyuanensis L.K. Fu & S.L. Mo

Endemic to south-east China where the present-day threats are landslides and overgrazing by sheep and cattle. Read full species entry >

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Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

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