Agriculture and Forestry

The Eastern Mediterranean Threatened Conifer Region covers a wide area from southern Italy, east to the Black Sea coast. It includes important conifer areas that found within the Taurus Mountains in southern Turkey and extends to the Eastern Lebanon Mountain Range which runs down through Syria and Lebanon. This is the main range for Abies cilicica and Cedrus libani. Here typically the forested limestone mountains have most of their precipitation in the form of winter snow fall followed by long hot summers. Similar weather patterns are characteristic of the islands of Cyprus, the sole location for Cedrus brevifolia and Sicily which has a very small population of the endemic Abies nebrodensis. The temperate broadleaf and mixed forests of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia in the Balkans, which cover limestone mountains, supports fragmented populations of Picea omorika while the sparsely forested karst limestone coast has narrow endemic threatened pines. The threats to conifers in this region are numerous and include fire, over-grazing, habitat loss through urbanisation and deforestation, pathogen attack, climate change and negative activities associated with winter sports.

Taxa in the category - Agriculture and Forestry:

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Abies beshanzuensis M.H.Wu

Endemic to eastern China in Zhejiang Province where only a handful of mature individuals survive Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. forrestii

A mid to high altitude fir that has previously been impacted by logging. It is assessed as Near Threatened. Read full species entry >

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Abies forrestii var. smithii ViguiƩ & Gaussen

A high elevation species that is listed as Near Threatened due to past logging and deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. pinsapo

One of two varieties of the Spanish fir restricted to three areas of southern Spain where in the last 45 years large areas of  forest have been lost mainly as a result of fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies ziyuanensis L.K. Fu & S.L. Mo

Endemic to south-east China where the present-day threats are landslides and overgrazing by sheep and cattle. Read full species entry >

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Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub.

Restricted to just two mountains in Sabah and Sarawak where there is some evidence of logging and forest clearance Read full species entry >

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