Vulnerable

The Southwest Pacific Threatened Conifer Region includes Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga.  The climate is generally tropical to subtropical with cyclones being a major influence. The majority of conifer species are montane with the primary centres of endemism and threatened species occurring in New Caledonia and Fiji. New Caledonia alone has 43 conifer species (in 14 genera and four families), with 13 of the 19 known Araucaria species along with the world's only known parasitic conifer (Parasitaxus usta). In contrast, the conifer flora and ecology in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu are relatively poorly known. Currently this region has 28 globally threatened conifer species, 23 of which are endemic to New Caledonia. Threats throughout relate to mining, logging, land conversion for agriculture and fire. In New Caledonia many of the conifers, including most Araucaria species are restricted to ultramafic substrates which are rich in one of the country's major exports, nickel.

Taxa in the category - Vulnerable:

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Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica Coode & Cullen

One of five species of firs native to Turkey where it has a restricted distribution in the Taurus Mountains. It is threatened by habitat degradation due to the effects of climate change, pathogen attack and fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. fabri

Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. minensis (Bordères & Gaussen) Rushforth

Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies fargesii var. faxoniana Rehder & E.H. Wilson

Distributed in China where in the past logging has reduced the population considerably but acid rain is a present day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata Mast.

A timber tree in western China, which has been heavily exploited until recently when it was decided to preserve the remaining old growth forests Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata var. ernestii (Rehder) C.T.Kuan

Distributed in several province in China where it has suffered a decline due to logging Read full species entry >

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