Vulnerable

Climate plays a key role in determining the distribution and persistence of conifers in their natural habitats. Climates change over both contemporary and geological timescales and in response to this, some species may become locally or even globally extinct or they may disperse to more suitable areas. Over shorter time scales, the longevity and resilience of many species may allow them to persist in the same area.  In the recent past, these processes generally occurred within a landscape locally impacted by humans but more recently, large areas of natural vegetation have been converted for other uses. Ecosystems have become fragmented and degraded, many individual species have been intensively exploited and the introduction of alien plants, animals and diseases has also caused significant problems.  Against this backdrop, climate changes associated with global warming such as increases or decreases in precipitation levels and average temperatures are having increasing direct and indirect effects on many conifer species and their habitats. Impacts include more intensive or prolonged droughts, higher frequency and intensity of fires and increases in pests and disease.

Juniperus excelsa ssp. polycarpos. Oman

Juniperus excelsa ssp. polycarpos. Oman

Taxa in the category - Vulnerable:

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Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica Coode & Cullen

One of five species of firs native to Turkey where it has a restricted distribution in the Taurus Mountains. It is threatened by habitat degradation due to the effects of climate change, pathogen attack and fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. fabri

Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. minensis (Bordères & Gaussen) Rushforth

Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies fargesii var. faxoniana Rehder & E.H. Wilson

Distributed in China where in the past logging has reduced the population considerably but acid rain is a present day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata Mast.

A timber tree in western China, which has been heavily exploited until recently when it was decided to preserve the remaining old growth forests Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata var. ernestii (Rehder) C.T.Kuan

Distributed in several province in China where it has suffered a decline due to logging Read full species entry >

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