Vulnerable

The Australasian Threatened Conifer Region consists only of Australia and New Zealand. It is characterized by very high levels of endemism: of the sixty conifer species recorded only four occur outside of this Region. In New Zealand conifers are widespread and were once a major component of the forests that covered most of the country prior to Maori and European settlement. In Australia, while a few species are widespread in the more arid interior, the majority are concentrated either in wet temperate forests of Tasmania, the subtropical areas of the Great Dividing Range in New South Wales and Queensland or in the biologically diverse southwest of Western Australia. As with many countries settled by Europeans, the native vegetation of this Region has undergone significant changes and although only ten species have been assessed in one of the three IUCN categories of threat, another ten have been assessed as Near Threatened. Several more could be assessed as threatened if better information was known about their past distributions. Principal ongoing threats include continued clearance of native forests for agriculture, competition from invasive species and wildfires. Logging of native forests in both Australia and New Zealand has declined significantly in recent years and significant areas where conifers occur are within protected area systems.

Taxa in the category - Vulnerable:

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Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica Coode & Cullen

One of five species of firs native to Turkey where it has a restricted distribution in the Taurus Mountains. It is threatened by habitat degradation due to the effects of climate change, pathogen attack and fire. Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri (Mast.) W. G. Craib

Endemic to south-central China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing decline or death to many of the trees Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. fabri

Endemic to western Sichuan province in China where acid rain is the most serious threat and is causing a decline in the population Read full species entry >

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Abies fabri subsp. minensis (Bordères & Gaussen) Rushforth

Endemic to western Sichuan in China where acid rain is the main present-day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies fargesii var. faxoniana Rehder & E.H. Wilson

Distributed in China where in the past logging has reduced the population considerably but acid rain is a present day threat Read full species entry >

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Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, Rácz & Guizar

Endemic to the State of Hidalgo in eastern Mexico where fire is a potential threat to the small population Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata Mast.

A timber tree in western China, which has been heavily exploited until recently when it was decided to preserve the remaining old growth forests Read full species entry >

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Abies recurvata var. ernestii (Rehder) C.T.Kuan

Distributed in several province in China where it has suffered a decline due to logging Read full species entry >

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