Endangered

The Himalayan Threatened Conifer Region extends from the northeastern provinces of Afghanistan in a narrow arc through northwestern Pakistan and India, through Nepal, Assam and northern Myanmar. Its eastern limit is at about 98° E where three major river systems (Irrawaddy, Nujiang and Mekong) converge and the main mountain ranges are orientated southwards. Throughout the area climates and vegetation are heavily influenced by summer monsoons and the rapid rise in elevation. The conifer flora is concentrated in the mid montane areas above 1500m above sea-level and is dominated by members of the Pinaceae and Cupressaceae. Of the approximately 40 taxa that occur in this area, 22 are endemic. Most species occur in the eastern part of the region with many also occurring in Regions 7 and 8. One species, Taiwania cryptomerioides, also occurs in Region 10. Although only nine taxa have been assessed as globally threatened, several more are nationally threatened in at least one part of their range. Principal region-wide threats include harvesting for medicinal use (Taxus), overexploitation for timber and deforestation associated with agricultural and pastoral activities. Hydroelectric developments are a localized threat in some parts of the region.

Taxa in the category - Endangered:

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Abies fanjingshanensis W.L.Huang, Y.L.Tu & S.T.Fang

Endemic to the Chinese province of Guizhou where it is in decline due to acid rain. Read full species entry >

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Distributed in three States of eastern USA but as a result of severe infestation from the Balsam woolly adelgid, only one population remains unaffected Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii var. hickelii

Endemic to southeastern Mexico where the population is severely fragmented as a result of deforestation Read full species entry >

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Abies hickelii var. oaxacana (Martínez) Farjon & Silba

Endemic to southwestern Mexico where deforestation is a major threat Read full species entry >

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Abies koreana E.H.Wilson

Endemic to four mountains in South Korea, the population suffers a range of threats including climate change, introduced pathogens and invasive native and non-native plants Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo Boiss.

The Spanish fir has two subspecies distributed in southern Spain and northern Morocco where threats include fire, grazing and climate change. Read full species entry >

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Abies pinsapo var. marocana (Trabut) Ceballos & Bolanos

The Moroccan fir is restricted to two small forests in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco where over a period of 60 years it has suffered a 70% decline. Read full species entry >

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